Nearly half of Americans took at least one prescription drug in the past 30 days, but chances are most of them did not give much thought to where those drugs came from. Unbeknownst to many, most drugs>...
Nearly half of Americans took at least one prescription drug in the past 30 days, but chances are most of them did not give much thought to where those drugs came from. Unbeknownst to many, most drugs taken by Americans are not made in the U.S. but, rather, come from bulk drug manufacturing facilities in places like China and India.
Hyderabad, India, is one particularly prolific city for these bulk drug manufacturers, producing 50 percent of India’s drug exports. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and other international regulatory bodies like the European Medicines Agency require such manufacturers to follow Good Manufacturing Practices (GMP) to ensure drug safety. However there is a glaring omission from these guidelines in that they do not consider the environment.
As such, massive amounts of pharmaceutical waste, perhaps thousands of tons a day, are entering waterways near the facilities and, according to new research published in the journal Infection, resulting in the development of multidrug-resistant pathogens – superbugs.
Incorrect Disposal of Medications Responsible for ‘Micro-Contamination’
Low levels of pharmaceutical pollution, including antibiotics, have been detected worldwide, according to the study authors. Even in the U.S., it’s estimated that 80 percent of U.S. waterways contain pharmaceutical polution and the Alliance for the Great Lakes supports making pharmaceutical companies shoulder some of the cost for disposal of medications. The major source of environmental “micro-contamination” is thought to come from incorrect usage and disposal of medications.
With Drug Resistance Spreading, How Can You Stay Safe?
Research published in Clinical Infectious Diseases revealed that current workers at hog farms are six times more likely to carry multi-drug resistant MRSAthan those without exposure to CAFO pigs.They also observed active infections caused by livestock-associated Staphylococcus Aureus (LA-SA). Worse still, aerosolized MRSA has been detected in the air inside and downwind of a pig CAFO, as well as in animal feed.
Also revealing, people who have close proximity to pig CAFOS and areas where CAFO pig manure is applied to crop fields are more likely to be infected with MRSA, adding to the “growing concern about the potential public health impacts of high-density livestock production.”
Even carbapenem-resistant enterobacteriacea (CRE), bacteria resistant to the class of antibiotics called carbapenems,have been detected in a U.S. pig farm.So, with drug resistance spreading rapidly in food, water and air, what can you do to stay safe? According to the authors of the featured study
“Regulations must be imposed on the manufacturing process of finished drugs as well as active pharmaceutical ingredients to require strict compliance with environmental laws, adequate modernization of manufacturing units and treatment plants, and international labelling of the origin of medicines in a manner clearly visible for pharmacists, physicians and consumers.”
What can we do?
Eliminating the unnecessary use of antibiotics in agriculture and human medicine is also important, and you can help reduce your risk of being affected, personally, by:
Using antibiotics only when absolutely necessary
Avoiding all antibacterial household products
Properly washing your hands with warm water and plain soap, to prevent the spreading of bacteria
Purchasing organic, antibiotic-free meats and other foods
Imagine a world where drinking water becomes inaccessible for millions of people. A disturbing picture, but one that researchers from the Michigan State University claim could be reality in a few yea>...
Imagine a world where drinking water becomes inaccessible for millions of people. A disturbing picture, but one that researchers from the Michigan State University claim could be reality in a few years. The future cost of water may soon become too expensive for the average person.
Researchers have estimated that, over the next five years, the percentage of American homes that would be unable to pay their water bills will rise from 11.9 percent (13.8 million households) to 35.6 percent (40.9 million households). They came to this conclusion after using the Environmental Protection Agency’s guideline for measuring water affordability based on a small percentage (4.5 percent) of monthly household incomes. Also taken into consideration were factors that could affect a household’s ability to pay for water and wastewater services. These factors included everything from declining infrastructure to climate change and dwindling urban populations. The results are obviously most concerning.
Aging Water Systems infrastructure
The researchers noted that the cost to replace aging infrastructure, specifically the, water systems that were built during World War II, over the next 25 years could cost the United States over $1 trillion. Additionally, intense weather events have called for improvements to be made to wastewater facilities. In order to make the needed adaptations, the United States would need to pay billions of dollars, with some estimates putting that figure at $36 billion by the year 2050.
Just as costly is the increasing number of people who are avoiding living within metropolitan areas in favour of the surrounding rural suburbs. This will force those who remain behind to shoulder the mounting water bills. In the study, they explained, “A critical issue is the suburbanization of people, which leaves providers in core central city areas with fewer customers to pay for water services. This means that for cities across the United States, shrinking populations…combined with other pressures on urban water systems, present a perilous future for water utilities and their customers.”
The public may not be aware of the upcoming drinking water price crisis but that water utilities certainly are. If you talk to utility providers, they want to provide people with water and they want people to have clean water. But their ability to do this at affordable rates is obviously being taxed by all these pressures on their systems.
In the end, the researchers stated that the problem will only be solved if consumers, utilities, and governments work together. “Water is a fundamental right for all humans. However, a growing number of people globally face daily barriers to access clean, affordable water.”
The hope of this news post is to enhanced awareness of this issue in the developed world, to highlight the severity of the problem and to demonstrate that water issues are not just a problem for people in the developing world.
‘Clinical diagnosing or scientific testing’ may just seem like difficult words until explained in a meaningful way. How does your clinician determine your skin condition and the consequent help you source for the best care? Wounds occur when the skin is broken or damaged because of injury and often invite infection. So how would you know if your wound was infected?
With the collective power of the symptoms and signs from qualitative investigation a valuable picture of your condition evolves and this is called a “clinical diagnosis”. Clinical diagnosis is the estimated identification of the disease underlying a patient's complaints based merely on signs, (such as swelling, redness and immobility) symptoms (such as pain on movement or touch), and medical history of the patient, (such as a recurring infection), rather than laboratory examinations and medical procedures.
Treating people with respect and making sure they are safe, happy and healthy is part of the aim of qualitative research. Qualitative research occurs when the investigative clinician is concerned about people’s feelings and thoughts and the in-depth discovery of when, who, why and how these symptoms have occurred. Quantitative research is more about the gathering of test results. The number of people being studied is not a critical factor whereas in quantitative research it is. In quantitative research, the significance of results is based on such variables as age, demographics, control groups, non-control groups etc.
Scientific testing is a judgement based on the gathering of information through observation, measurement, AND testing, in order to provide an assumption of what is wrong with the patient. Some areas of sciencecan be more easily testedthan others. For example, for the screening of deep-vein thrombosis, use of the clinical model combined with ultrasonography would decrease the number of false positive and negative diagnosis and the accuracy of using the clinical model for pulmonary embolism with (blood test) d-dimer testing in these patients is 99.5%.
The following tests may be useful to identify factors associated with wound development and those associated with slow wound healing:
1. Blood test for anaemia,
2. Profile for any electrolyte abnormalities;
3. Blood tests to determine patient’s nutritional status;
4. Blood cultures of tissue biopsies to determine of bacteria and or fungi are present; and
5. The likelihood of arterial occlusive disease through clinical ultrasound.
When the injury occurs and allows the infiltration of bacteria and fungi such treatments as teaching of healthy life styles changes and the use of antibiotics and anti-fungal both internally and externally can begin. It’s satisfying and comforting for the one suffering the pain and inconvenience of an infected wound, to know that the use of clinical and scientific information can provide the best testimony of innovation to help people feel and look better.
Experts are now saying that we don’t need to drink more water. You know what an expert is? An expert is a drip under pressure.
Stored in tanks, fresh clean rain water is the best source of water.
We actually need water for day-to-day survival, yet we often ignore our body’s cries for more water, at a grave cost to health and well-being. It is estimated that 90% of the population are chronically dehydrated! Most of what we drink is of a diuretic nature such as beer and coffee so why wouldn’t we need more water.
Many of the common complaints which plague most people’s lives, such as tiredness, headaches, dry skin, low immunity, cellulite, indigestion and weight gain, are caused by day-to-day dehydration.
If you suffer from one or more of these conditions, you may change the quality of your life immeasurably, simply by ensuring that you drink two litres of water a day.
Being properly hydrated will help to keep you in peak health. Our bodies are 75 per cent water, but if this level drops by just 2 per cent then we become dehydrated! As soon as this happens, our bodies slow down and begin to operate less efficiently.
According to the national kidney council, in rare occasions it is possible to drink too much water. This is not very common for this to happen in the average person.Endurance athletes like marathoners may drink large amounts of water and thereby dilute the sodium level in their blood, resulting in a dangerous condition called hyponatraemia.
According to the European Union recently, we cannot say water cures dehydration. We can’t say water is needed more. Equally, the media say you should not drink water because it’s no good to you although it’s ok to eat anything that is wet. A record 42 thousand deaths per year occur because of kidney failure. Make sure to drink water first thing in morning when body is in elimination cycle. And remember we need water 2-3 litres per day if living in a hot country.
To get the best results, you will need to follow a few simple rules:
Drink at least two litres of water a day.
On a hot day, increase the daily amount by at least half a litre.
Make sure at least one-and-a-half litres of the water is still (not sparkling or demineralised) water.
The water should be fresh.
When you exercise, drink throughout the workout and afterwards.
This extra water is in addition to your 2-3 daily litres.
Coffee, tea, alcohol and fruit cordials do not count as water.
As soon as you get up, drink a glass of water to rehydrate you from the night before.
Drink a glass of water before lunch and dinner to dampen your appetite and to stop you from drinking water with your food, which decreases the absorption of nutrients.
Make sure you have had at least 1½ litres of water before 6pm.
Water is gold in more ways than one. If you’re looking to purchase land, make sure it has at least two water sources. Water is such a valuable resource that you might even call it the “new gold.”
Here’s a quick list of water resources you might have available on a given piece of land:
Ponds or lakes
Seasonal or year-round streams
Rainwater collection facilities (the cleanest water of all)
Rivers (usually polluted by municipal waste)
Ocean water (requires desalination)
City water (is usually polluted and toxic)
Right now, many people are looking for places to store assets that will outlast a financial crash, government revolution or even a civil war (which looks increasingly likely in America). Land is often an excellent choice but land with water is far more valuable because it allows production of food and livestock.
Don’t just think water, drink water and invest in a tank of gold!